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Czech

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic, in Central Europe, is a country that’s known for its ornate castles, native beers and long history. Prague, the capital, is home to grand 9th-century Prague Castle, a preserved medieval old town and statue-lined Charles Bridge. Český Krumlov, a small town in the South Bohemia region, is notable for its wealth of Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque buildings, many of which house restaurants and shops.The Czech Republic is not a geographically large country, but it has a rich and eventful history. From time immemorial, Czechs, Germans, Jews and Slovaks, as well as Italian stonemasons and stucco workers, French tradesmen and deserters from Napoleon’s army, have all lived and worked here, all influencing one another. For centuries they jointly cultivated their land, creating works that still command respect and admiration today. It is thanks to their inventiveness and skill that this small country is graced with hundreds of ancient castles, monasteries and stately mansions, and even entire towns that give the impression of being comprehensive artifacts. The Czech Republic contains a vast amount of architectural treasure, as well as beautiful forests and mountains to match.

Capital: Prague

Dialing code: +420

Capital and largest city: Prague

Currency: Czech koruna

Climate

The Czech Republic has a temperate continental climate, with warm summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters. The temperature difference between summer and winter is relatively high, due to the landlocked geographical position.Within the Czech Republic, temperatures vary greatly, depending on the elevation. In general, at higher altitudes, the temperatures decrease and precipitation increases. The wettest area in the Czech Republic is found around Bílý Potok in Jizera Mountains and the driest region is the Louny District to the northwest of Prague. Another important factor is the distribution of the mountains; therefore, the climate is quite varied.At the highest peak of Sněžka (1,603 m or 5,259 ft), the average temperature is only −0.4 °C (31 °F), whereas in the lowlands of the South Moravian Region, the average temperature is as high as 10 °C (50 °F). The country's capital, Prague, has a similar average temperature, although this is influenced by urban factors.The coldest month is usually January, followed by February and December. During these months, there is usually snow in the mountains and sometimes in the major cities and lowlands. During March, April and May, the temperature usually increases rapidly, especially during April, when the temperature and weather tends to vary widely during the day. Spring is also characterized by high water levels in the rivers, due to melting snow with occasional flooding.The warmest month of the year is July, followed by August and June. On average, summer temperatures are about 20 °C (36 °F) – 30 °C (54 °F) higher than during winter. Summer is also characterized by rain and storms.Autumn generally begins in September, which is still relatively warm and dry. During October, temperatures usually fall below 15 °C (59 °F) or 10 °C (50 °F) and deciduous trees begin to shed their leaves. By the end of November, temperatures usually range around the freezing point.The coldest temperature ever measured was in Litvínovice near České Budějovice in 1929, at −42.2 °C (−44.0 °F) and the hottest measured, was at 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) in Dobřichovice in 2012.Most rain falls during the summer. Sporadic rainfall is relatively constant throughout the year (in Prague, the average number of days per month experiencing at least 0.1 mm of rain varies from 12 in September and October to 16 in November) but concentrated heavy rainfall (days with more than 10 mm per day) are more frequent in the months of May to August (average around two such days per month)

Things to do In Czech

Prague Castle

Prague Castle is a castle complex in Prague that dates all the way back to the 9th century. The castle has been a seat of power for many rulers throughout the centuries, including kings of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperors. Today, the structure is the official residential building of the President of the Czech Republic. The Bohemian Crown Jewels are protected in a secret room within the castle. The Guinness Book of World Records claims that Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world and it is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visitors can tour the castle on their own or can participate in a guided tour in several languages.

Charles Bridge

The Charles Bridge is a historic bridge that spans Prague’s Vltava River. Construction on the bridge began in 1357 and lasted until the beginning of the 15th century. It was originally called the Prague Bridge or the Stone Bridge. The bridge is a bow bridge with 16 arches. There are three bridge towers and 30 statues stand on the side of the bridge, most of which are replicas of the original baroque statues that were erected around the turn of the 18th century. The bridge connects Prague’s Old Town with the Prague Castle and Lesser Quarter area. It is an icon of Prague and a popular photo

Adrspach-Teplice Rocks

The Adrspach-Teplice Rocks are an unusual set of sandstone rock formations that are spread across 17 square kilometers in northeastern Bohemia. The rocks are named after two nearby towns, Adrspach, and Teplice nad Metuji. The rocks are protected as part of a nature reserve, and visitors can get to the rocks by several well-marked trails. Rock climbing and bouldering are especially popular in the area. For birdwatchers, the site is attractive because it is one of Europe’s largest breeding sites of the elusive peregrine falcon. Be sure to pay attention to restricted areas and closed trails as the park staff work hard to preserve and protect the birds, which are protected under federal law

Bohemian Paradise

Bohemian Paradise is a protected area and has the distinction of being the first nature preserve in the country. It has grown over the years and now contains more than 180 square kilometers. The area is extremely beautiful and varied, and there are trails that you can walk to access many natural attractions, rock formations, and beautiful areas of the countryside. By car you can travel to a variety of museums, ruins, castles, chateaus, museums, and other interesting sites. One of the most distinctive features of the preserve is the sandstone rock that was used to construct many nearby towns. The rocks offer many vantage points, most of which are only accessible to rock climbers

Bohemian Switzerland

Bohemian Switzerland, also known as Czech Switzerland, is an especially picturesque region in the northwestern part of the country. The park is situated on the Czech Republic’s side of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, which straddle the Elbe River. It also extends into the Ore and Lusatian Mountains. The area has two national parks: Saxon Switzerland Park, which is in Germany, and its Czech sister, Ceske svycarsko National Park. The area has many intriguing and beautiful features, including the largest natural sandstone arch in Europe, named PravCicka brana. The highest mountain in Bohemian Switzerland is DeCinsky Sneznik, which features an observation tower. Other sites include rock castles, ravines, scenic overlooks, mountains, and arches

Cesky Krumlov Castle

Cesky Krumlov Castle is a famous castle and museum located in the center of the city of the same name. The building was constructed in 1240 by the Witigonen family, who were the main branch of the influential Rosenbergs. The castle has been relatively well maintained over the years compared to other European castles from the same time period. The castle and the rest of the historic city center have been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The castle’s fifth courtyard is home to one of the world’s most well-preserved baroque theaters, the Cesky Krumlov Baroque Theatre.

Dancing House

The Dancing House is the nickname of the Nationale-Nederlanden building on Prague’s Rasinovo nabrezi. The building is easily recognizable due to its distinctive design. It really stands out in the city center as it is a very modern building surrounded by a number of historic ones. The building has impressive, curvy outlines, which has garnered it the original name “Fred and Ginger” after a well-known dance duo. The top floor is the only part of the building open to the public. There you will find one of the best restaurants in the city, the Ginger and Fred Restaurant. The restaurant has a tasty international menu and offers beautiful views of Prague

Hluboka Castle

Hluboka Castle is a historic castle in Hluboka nad Vltavou. It is thought by many to be one of the country’s most beautiful castles. Castles have stood on the site since the late 13th century and these have been rebuilt several times. The current appearance comes from a 19th-century reconstruction under Count Jan Adam of Schwarzenberg. The chateau was built in the style of England’s Windsor Castle. There are several tour options, including the Representation Room Tour, a tour of the private apartments, and even a tour that climbs the chateau tower. The tower climb is not available during bad weather.

Jewish Museum

The Prague Jewish Museum is one of the most popular museums in the city. It has one of the world’s largest collections of Judaica, which includes approximately 100,000 books and 40,000 other objects. The museum also has a very extensive archive of Jewish history from the communities in the Czech Republic and Moravia. Tours with certified guides are available for both groups and individuals. Tours can be scheduled in English, German, French, and other languages, depending on guide availability. Audio guides in a variety of languages are also available for rent. The museums reservation center can assist with information about sites throughout the Prague’s Jewish Quarter

Josefov

Josefov is a town quarter and small area of Prague that was the city’s former Jewish ghetto. The area is completely surrounded by Prague’s old town. There has been a strong Jewish community in Prague since the 10th century. Over time the community became most settled and concentrated within this walled ghetto. The community even has their own flag, a yellow Star of David on a red background. Many interesting cultural sites are concentrated in the community, including Franz Kafka’s birthplace, a Jewish Town Hall, and synagogues ranging from the 13th to 19th centuries. The oldest surviving Jewish cemetery, which was used between the 15th and 18th centuries, is also located in Josefo

Karlstejn

Karlstejn Castle is a large Gothic-style castle from the mid-14th century. It is one of the most well known and most frequently visited castles in the country and has served as a safe place to store the country’s imperial regalia, holy relics, crown jewels, and other royal treasures. The castle sits above a village of the same name about 20 miles away from Prague. The castle can only be visited on guided tours. There are basic and exclusive tour options ranging from 40 to 100 minutes in length. If you hope to take part in the Exclusive Tour and visit the Chapel of The Holy Cross, you must make advance arrangements

Konopiste

Konopiste Castle is a three-story chateau located about 50 kilometers from Prague. The chateau is famous because it was the final residence of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. The archduke’s assassination in Sarajevo was a major catalyst that served to trigger World War II. The castle’s museum has the bullet that killed the ruler on display and the castle itself is open to the public for touring. Visitors can see the residential rooms of Franz Ferdinand as well as many of his hunting trophies, armor, weapons and more. Tours are only available during the warm months

Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape

The Lednice-Valtice Cultural Landscape is a cultural and natural landscape that encompasses nearly 300 square kilometers in the Valtice and Lednice areas near Breclav. The area is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While there are interesting sites located throughout the area, the main attractions are the village of Hlohovec, Chateau Lednice, the village of Lednice, and Chateau Valtice with its town. Additionally, there are many small and larger residential pavilions in the Lednice-Valtice area. Many of these were the hunting lodges or chateaus of various rulers or other members of the elite. A variety of garden follies are scattered throughout the area as well, especially near Lednice Castle

Moravian Gallery

The Moravian Gallery, located in Brno, is the country’s second largest art museum. It was created in 1961 and its collection is located across five separate buildings. Prazak Palace houses the museum headquarters as well as both temporary and permanent exhibitions. The Governor’s Palace features an art exhibit from Gothic times to the 1800s on permanent display. The Museum of Applied Arts has a permanent exhibit of glass, porcelain, ceramics, metal, furniture, textiles, and more from the Middle Ages until the present. The JurkoviC House is an art nouveau villa that features a reception and social areas as well as an exhibition hall dedicated to the work of architect Dusan JurkoviC. The last section of the museum, the Josef Hoffmann Museum, is the childhood home of architect Josef Hoffmann, which has been restored to much of its turn-of-the-century appearance.

National Gallery

The National Gallery is a state-owned art museum in Prague, housing the country’s largest collection of art. The collections are not all contained in a central building. Rather, many items are on display in a variety of historic buildings and sites throughout the city of Prague as well as other places. The Veletrzni Palac houses the largest collection of art from the National Gallery, including its collection of modern art. It is one of the largest art museums in all of Central Europe. The collection contains works by many international artists, such as Monet, Picasso, Rodin, Van Gogh, and Klimt as well as many Czech and Slovak works

National Museum

The National Museum in Prague is a state-owned museum designed to preserve, organize, and display historical and natural scientific collections. Founded in 1818, it today has more than 14 million items spanning the fields of history, natural history, science, art, music, and librarianship. The collection is housed in dozens of sites around the city and other places, however the main building is located on Wenceslas Square. This beautiful building was built in the late 1800s by well-known Czech neo-renaissance architect Josef Schulz. One could spend a large amount of time attempting to visit all of the buildings and exhibits of the National Museum and exploring their unique collections

National Theatre

The National Theatre in Prague comprises three elements, the opera, ballet, and drama. The three ensembles rotate their performances between the historic building of the National Theatre, the Kolowrat Theatre, the Theatre of the Estates, and the New Stage. Each company performs works ranging from traditional and classical acts to modern artists. The full calendar of events and ticketing information can be found on the theatre’s website. Guided tours of the National Theatre, New Stage, and the Estates Theatre can be arranged by Prague City Tourism for individuals only on the weekend. Larger groups can take advantage of a larger range of tour options